Zoom Breakouts: Love ’em or Leave ’em?

As we reviewed the assessments coming in after the pilot of a newly developed training course, two words stood out: breakout rooms. Half of our team expected the feedback on these virtual discussion groups to be negative, the other wondered why almost every participant wrote about them in their responses. 

We pored over the data from 200 participants across the United States and Canada, and an overwhelming majority found the breakout rooms to have been the most helpful element of the course. We were surprised by the feedback, in part because of our personal experiences with ineffective breakout rooms and negative feelings at seeing the click to join breakout room invitation pop up. 

Why did we dread joining a breakout room? What made our breakout sessions the most helpful? 

When we reflected with others who harbor breakout room phobia, we discovered that participants hesitate to click to join because they are entering a space that lacks direction and facilitation. This is particularly true for leaders. Leaders feel anxiety when confronted with a lack of leadership and their natural response is to step into the leadership gap. When that happens, they are no longer participants.

The feedback we received through the course assessments caused us to evaluate how we were conducting the breakout rooms. Our discoveries fell into three categories: structure, management, and content.

The Structure 

  • Limit the size and the time
    • In our experience, three participants creates a balanced conversation and nine minutes keeps the conversation focused and moving
  • Provide clear instructions to participants in multiple ways: 
    • ‘Screen share’ a slide with written instructions
    • Use specific verbal explanation
    • Write them in the ‘Chat’

The Management 

  • Manage the rooms using the Broadcast Message to All feature
  • Be the timekeeper
    • Set a timer or use the built in timer in Zoom
    • Message the rooms the time remaining, i.e. 6 min remaining, 3 min remaining
  • Direct groups to move to the next person if using a round-robin approach
  • Instruct the groups on what to do with the countdown minute at the end of the breakout session: click to come back to the main session or use the countdown minute and let zoom bring them back

The Content 

  • Ensure the discussion directly applies to the content just presented in the main session
  • Limit the number of questions so each participant can answer in the allotted time
    • In our experience, three minutes per person keeps the discussion focused
    • Rather than giving too much content in one breakout group, add another breakout group later in the session
  • Ask open questions that are focused
    • Write the question(s) into the chat before launching breakout rooms
  • Ask groups to assign a representative to report back in the main session if sharing is expected
  • If the content is complex, assign a facilitator to each breakout room

I’ve come to love the moment when screens of smiling participants reappear after the breakout rooms. It assures me something significant happened. Important connections between people do occur in cyberspace. Each person contributed to the learning journey of other participants. Their experiences affirmed, learning advanced, and ownership of the content increased. 

So prior to the next time you launch breakout rooms and send the click to join breakout room invitation, apply these observations and participants won’t hesitate.

What tip would you offer to ensure breakout rooms are a hit?


Rev. Elaine May is the Thriving Congregations Curriculum Developer for the Christian Reformed Church in North America

Here are other GLP offerings you may be interested in:

You may also like